The british parliament has passed the ratification bill for the brexit agreement. After the house of commons, the bill also passed the house of lords on wednesday.
Several amendments made to the bill by the lords had previously been reversed by the members of the house of commons. The lords finally gave in.
Among other things, the changes had stipulated that EU citizens living in the UK would automatically be granted the right to stay after the brexit. However, the government rejected this. EU citizens in the uk now have until the end of 2020 to apply for a residence permit.
A right for unaccompanied refugee minors stranded in the EU to join relatives in the UK was also removed from the bill by the government majority.
In great britain, international treaties must be transposed into national law through a legislative process in order to become valid. After the approval of the house of commons and the house of lords, all that is now missing is the approval of queen elizabeth II., but this is a mere formality.
The european parliament is due to approve the treaty on 29 june. January sign off. Two days later, on 31. January at 24.00 a.M. (CET), great britain wants to leave the european union.
The move comes more than three and a half years after the british voted to leave the community of states in a historic referendum in june 2016. Until the end of 2020, however, the UK will remain in a transitional phase during which virtually nothing will change.
In this short time frame, brussels and london must now agree on their future relationship. The spectrum ranges from a trade agreement to a future partnership in the fight against crime and terrorism. While it is possible to extend the complex negotiations. The british prime minister boris johnson, however, has already rejected this strictly.
Since the overwhelming victory of johnson’s conservative party in the december election, no significant resistance to the brexit deal was to be expected from parliament. The situation was different for its predecessor theresa may. Three times the then head of government had failed in parliament with her brexit agreement negotiated with brussel. She finally gave up her office.
The celebrations of the EU-exit seem to be rather modest in the united kingdom. Johnson wants to leave on 31. January to make a speech. The leader of the brexit party, nigel farage, plans a celebration with supporters near parliament. A fireworks display was banned. The london landmark big ben, which is currently being redeveloped with rough auand, is not to leave the EU.