Support from the state can be paid by a parent, regardless of how old the child is. The amounts paid over time from the federal and regional budget bill.
So the parents of children of different ages can count.
Take the role of parent easier when you do not have to think about where to take money on diapers and strollers. This is what the state helps.
Maternity. Officially, this payment is called the "maternity benefit". The money pays the employer when a woman goes on maternity leave in the thirtieth week of pregnancy.
Sticker compensate the salary 140 days ahead and calculated from the result in the last two years – they can not be less than 51.919 R and more than 301.095 R amount. If a woman is waiting for twins, the estimated time increases to 194 days: 97 days before delivery and 97 days afterwards.
The conditions for maternity benefits may include students and some unemployed people. For example, if a woman gives up work in a year before a possible decree to take care of a sick relative, or she was fired due to the liquidation of the company. Sticker will pay if a month before he received the benefit, the wife stops working because the translation of her husband in another region or due to an illness that prevents work.
One time allowance. When a child is born, one of the parents can receive a one-time payment at work – 17.480 R. If the parents are unemployed, the money will still pay – for this they must contact with MFC or social protection.
There are also regional payments: muscovites put on an additional 5.500 p, and the residents of st. Petersburg give a card with a face value of P 29 839, but they can spend money only in children. In different regions, different payments are free to clarify this problem in social skate.
Muscovites have another bonus: if parents are married and both are under 30 years old, they are paid 82 315 R.
Monthly benefit. The parent who takes maternity leave is entitled to monthly allowance. While the child one and a half years is not met, pay 40% of the average salary in the last two years: minimum 4512 P and maximum 26.522 R.
From one and a half to three years a child, the payment is fixed and does not depend on the salary: pay every month 50 rubles.
Putin allowance. If the first child after 1. January 2018 was born, parents may qualify for an additional benefit for the firstborn child. It is paid until the child is fulfilled one and a half years.
The allowance of putin is paid to families in which the average income in the past year is not more than one and a half subsistence minimum per person. The newborn in this calculation is also taken into account. If the income allows the payment, the parents receive a monthly amount corresponding to the minimum maintenance of the child in its region.
Tax deduction for a child. From birth and up to eighteen years, parents have the right to receive a tax deduction. The first child is exempt from tax 1400 R from the total monthly salary: one parent pays 182 p per month less tax – this is 13% of 1400 R. Both parents can receive the deduction, and if one of them refuses, the second has the right to receive the deduction in double size – 364 P every month.
Second child. When the second child is born in the family, the payments change. There is the right to maternity capital – 453.026 P, which may be spent on children's education, improvement of family housing or retired mother's.
If the family is eligible for the terms of putin payments, but the child is already the second, part of the maternal capital can be obtained in the form of monthly payments. The amount is the same as for the firstborn, only to be paid not from public funds, but not from the capital itself.
The second child gives the right to a preferential mortgage: if you buy an apartment in a new building and pay at least 20% of the initial contribution, you can apply for a mortgage rate of 6% – the truth is the maximum for eight years . After that, the percentage changes: there is a CB rate + 2%.
Regional payments with the second child increasingly increase: muscovite instead of 5.500 P receive 14.500 p, and if both parents are under 30, the one-time payment of a young family grows to 115.241 R.
The minimum monthly payment also increases: if the child is the second, the parent can pay in the decree for the first time not less than 6555 R first one and a half years.
Third child. Large families can pay for housing and community services by 30% less, free to receive medication for children under 6 years if a prescription is available, do not pay for public transport and free museums and exhibitions.
Regional authorities also prescribe benefits: for example, large muscovites can go for free not only in museums but also in the bathtub.
Moreover, additional benefits can be paid: the moscow young parents will be paid on 164.630 p paid and the increase in the cost of living and its products also part of the burden to remove the phone and utilities.
In kaluga, an additional maternity capital is granted for the birth of a third child – 100.000 R. In kaliningrad also gives 100.000 P, and every month is paid 1000 R each.
The amount of tax deduction of 1.400 to 3000 R increased, ie parents may be able to return to the family budget 780 P monthly.
Large families can apply for land. There are no uniform conditions for this: in the moscow region, the family should not have a residential building, no site with an area of more than 0.06 hectares, in penza, the earth will only families, and in st. Petersburg instead of issuing a plot of land can pay land for agriculture.
Payment compensation for kindergarten. Parents can receive compensation for the payment of kindergarten: for the first child is returned at least 20% of the average parental fee for the second – not less than 50%, and for the third and subsequent – at least 70%.
In addition, the "parental fee" does not always coincide with the amount in the receipt. Often this is determined by regional authorities. In moscow, an actual fee is used to calculate the compensation in nowosibirsk, in nowosibirsk the share of compensation of 2464 p in krasnoyarsk – of 1641 r.
Compensation if not enough space in a kindergarten. There is no federal law on this, so local authorities decide independently whether to pay this compensation and in what amount.
For example, in the arkhangelsk region, parents pay 2000 p per month when the child was already fulfilled one and a half years and was not yet 6 years old. At the same time the income of the family for each member should be less than one and a half subsistence minima. In the region kirov pay 2500 R per month, but only until the child is one and a half years old, and only one and a half years and only low income or large families.
Deductions. In addition to the tax deduction of the child itself, parents can receive a deduction for his education. If they pay a kindergarten or circles, with which they have an educational license, and officially work, they can return 13% of the amount spent. The maximum from which the deduction is returned is R50 000, i.E. You cannot return more than R6500 per year.
This limit is common to parents: even if each of them will give a tax deduction, they will not receive in the amount of more than 6500 rubles. If the mother's capital was used to pay for kindergarten and circles, the deduction is also not returned.
Education. Every russian student has the right to receive free textbooks and use the library, seek free psychological and socio-educational help, and if they live in a remote area, transportation must be arranged by the authorities.
Class repair and safety should be paid from school budget, but it happens that money for it is missing, then parents can offer their help – but there is no direct responsibility for it.
Help with a lot of kids. Some parenting helps, some parents additionally contribute: for example, children from large families are entitled to free breakfast and lunch at school, free and sportswear. As a rule, parents do not give things, but annual compensation.
Regional payments. Other benefits regions can provide: for example, in moscow free breakfast all students from 1-4 classes, lunch – college students. Receive them for free both as well as other children from large or low income families, disabled children, children who raise people with disabilities, children who have lost their breadwinner and children from adoptive families.
In st. Petersburg, students from 1-4 grades and colleges, children from large families and low-income families, and children registered in the tuberculosis dispensary are counted for free.
Most students are adults so receiving the benefits is now their privilege and nothing has been put anything else. This is not so: some payments parents can receive both student pupils.
Tax deductions. The standard tax deduction for a child is up to a 24-year-old, if he studies on the day of the day in the status of a student, student, ordinator, trainee or cadet.
The same applies to the deduction for training: for student glasses under 24 years, parents can receive. .000 p and for a child only with 50.000 R to be returned